We don’t do that, “says Rost firmly.
She tried to have an abortion with a hanger. “” In my country, girls and women have to resort to life-threatening means to end an unwanted pregnancy, “says Morais. Some like their friends use rusty hangers, others use toxic cocktails made from chemicals and herbs. “” You have no other choice, “she says. In Nicaragua, home of Morais, there is a total ban on abortion.
It is one of the few countries in the world where abortion is prohibited even if the fetus is not viable or the mother’s life is in danger. There is no exception for pregnancies as a result of rape. And they are particularly common in the autonomous region on the Caribbean coast from which Morais comes. Eight out of ten girls experienced sexual violence between the ages of 8 and 13 – it is not uncommon for them to become pregnant afterwards, the young woman continues. “” I would like girls and women all over the world to have access to safe and legal abortions “” says Morais.
Then the women would be spared what many of their friends had to suffer. To give them a voice, Morais traveled to Nairobi for the UN World Population Conference. Last week, representatives from more than 160 countries met in the capital of Kenya.
Women’s right to sexual self-determination was on the agenda of the United Nations Population Fund, and a number of demonstrators gathered in front of the conference grounds just before the opening event. They carried signs reading “Abortion Kills Our Children” and baby dolls smeared with red paint. In Kenya, which is strongly influenced by Christianity, like in the rest of Africa, abortion has become a hot word. Churches and religious groups are mobilizing against a relaxation of the laws. According to the WHO, 57 million abortions are performed worldwide every year, almost half of them under unsafe conditions. Of the approximately 25 million unsafe abortions, 97 percent are in developing countries.
According to the WHO study, every second abortion is unsafe there. Opponents of abortion also find influential supporters outside the continent. Many conservative groups and politicians in Western countries oppose the decision of women to have an abortion. US President Donald Trump, for example, reinstated the so-called Global Gag Rule in 2017, stopping $ 100 million in funding for non-governmental organizations around the world that provide information about or perform abortions.
It is enough for the organizations to find a doctor for women in emergency situations so that their US funds are cut. According to experts, the American blockade policy has an enormous effect on the work of NGOs. Although it is primarily about abortion, it also affects organizations that only offer family planning and pregnancy care, so the UN Population Fund is not actively committed to abortion in this difficult political environment. “” We do not give governments any advice in this direction, our board decided that “”, director Natalia Kanem told n-tv.de a few months ago. For them, the conference in Nairobi was more about combating the causes of unwanted pregnancies and thus also slowing down the explosive world population growth.
This can only be achieved if the rights of girls and women are strengthened, said Kanem at the opening event in Nairobi. The first successes are already noticeable. In his speech, Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta assured girls and women better educational opportunities, access to contraception and a ban on genital mutilation. On the other hand, he did not even want to address abortions. Kenya has strict abortion laws. “” All this talk about abortion is just trying to get us away from our ultimate goal of saving lives, “said Macharia Kamau, chief secretary of the Kenyan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, later. “” I don’t know any woman who has enjoyed an abortion.are we too dependent on technology argumentative essay That just doesn’t exist.
It’s the last thing she wants. “” In Germany, too, the topic is still very controversial. Only two years ago, the doctor Kristina Hänel was reported and legally convicted for offering information on abortion on her website. “” An abortion is a terrible last resort, “said Maria Flachsbarth, State Secretary in the Federal Development Ministry, in an interview with n-tv.de. “” That is not a means of family planning. “” In doing so she was quoting the guidelines of the UN fund almost verbatim. Thus, at the end of the conference, the issue of abortion remained only a marginal phenomenon, which was only addressed by a few government representatives such as that of Denmark and the NGOs without stigma. “” A lot is being done, but still not enough, “says Morais. Ultimately, women want absolute choice about their lives and their bodies. “This also includes the right to legal and safe abortions.” “The taboo does not lead to fewer abortions anyway, say Doctors Without Borders. Instead, girls and women without medical advice and care risk their lives trying to terminate an unwanted pregnancy. According to the organization, nearly 23,000 women worldwide die each year as a result of improper abortion. “” I saw it myself in my home country, “says Morais. “” Governments that block access to legal and safe abortions risk the lives of countless girls and women. “” Source: ntv.de “The four-legged friends also benefit: the voices of the children relax the cats. (Photo: Tierschutzverein für Berlin ) A project in the Berlin animal shelter helps against reading disabilities in children and at the same time ensures confidence in cats.
But since the outbreak of the coronavirus, the animal reading hours have been canceled. Thanks to a creative solution, children and cats will still get their money’s worth. Only a few weeks ago the world was still all right: at the end of February Leonie was sitting on an armchair in the middle of a room reminiscent of a small living room.
The remains of her carnival costume glisten on her cheek. The nine-year-old reads from the book in her hand with a firm voice. Her gaze wanders again and again to the tabby ball of fur that purrs contentedly on a scratching post next to her.
When Leonie stops, the elderly cat lady Larissa jumps lightly to the side and hugs her. Time for cuddles. The sentence, which is difficult for Leonie to read, can wait for a while. A great team: Leonie reads. Larissa listens patiently.
Leonie is one of 22 children who take part in the Berlin animal shelter’s funding project “Children read cats in front of” “. Once a week, the children between the ages of seven and twelve read to the house tigers in the senior cat house and thus improve their reading skills. The cats are very attentive listeners. They patiently listen to the sound of the voice and they don’t mind if the reading flow gets stuck. This makes them the ideal audience for children who, like Leonie, have problems with reading. After two chapters and many pats, Leonie has to say goodbye to Larissa with a heavy heart.
Because the next girl is already waiting in front of the door, clutching a book tightly. Leonie proudly shows her stamp card. The ink on the fourth of ten circles is still damp. “” I can go six more times, “says Leonie. She can’t wait to come back next week, but it won’t work out now. A short time later, the animal shelter also has to close to visitors.
A protective measure against the coronavirus. It was her own decision that the animal shelter, which is financed almost exclusively by donations, closed earlier than other institutions, says Annette Rost, the animal shelter’s spokeswoman. “After all, we have to ensure that we are able to take care of our 1,300 animals at all times.” “The early closure served to protect the health of employees and volunteer supporters. For the reading children, however, that was a bitter blow. “” Of course, this crisis is a burden for everyone. “” But it is especially difficult for children who have lost all normality. “We knew that the children would miss the cats’ weekly visit,” says Rost. Then came the idea of digital reading: “” If the children cannot come to the animal shelter, we just go to the children’s room. “” There the children can read their self-written stories or from their favorite books and send a recording to the animal shelter.
The video is then played to the cats. “” We put the tablet on the chair on which the children usually sit, “says Rost. And indeed: the cats react to the familiar voices of the children. Of course it is different when a child is sitting there, says Rost. But in the current situation that is a good compromise, and every child can now participate, regardless of whether they live in Berlin, Cologne or Munich.
Many gratefully accept the opportunity. “We have now received dozens of videos and sound recordings,” says Rost. “There is a lot of interest.” “Many children also called to find out how the cats were doing. When schools and playgrounds are closed, the action is a welcome change for families. But cats also benefit from digital reading. “” Voices and everyday noises ensure that the animals are relaxed and feel good, “explains Rost. The project remains a great success for the animal shelter. Because the association sees a major task in making children aware of animal welfare. “We do a lot in the area of children and youth – even in times of Corona,” says Rost. This is how the children’s conference was recently launched. “” With Zoom, the children learn in a playful way how to deal with dogs and cats and what animals need to be happy. “” That later makes them good pet owners. In the Corona period, many people forge the plan to have an animal to adopt, says Rost.
Especially at the beginning of the pandemic, there were a lot of requests to take an animal for a certain period of time and then return it after the crisis. “” We don’t do that, “says Rost firmly. “” That would be very traumatizing for the animal. We’re looking for a home forever. “” At the same time, they would have fewer animal taxes. According to Rost, fewer people left their pets during the crisis. “” Now many are realizing that animals can also be a great comfort in difficult times like these. “” That is a very nice signal and a sign of an empathic society. Source: ntv.de “It is a memorable moment, when Günter Schabowski appeared before the international press on November 9, 1989.
The government spokesman for the GDR reads out a new travel regulation according to which every East German citizen can leave the country without any requirements. “When?”, Asks a journalist. Schabowski flips through his papers. He has no idea. SED General Secretary Egon Krenz handed him the papers shortly before the press conference. But the journalists will not give up.
Then he says: …… “” To the best of my knowledge … “” He pauses. “” … it is immediately, immediately. “” Unbelievable news that …… spreads like wildfire among GDR citizens, but also in West Berlin. In East Berlin more and more are happening People on their way to the inner-city border crossings. Especially on Bornholmer Strasse, the crowd on the east side is growing threateningly for the inspectors who were surprised by the situation. The crowd loudly calls out more and more vigorously in chorus: “” Tor! Open the gate! For the border officers, the situation can no longer be brought under control. “” We’re flooding now!
We open everything “” is their last message to the headquarters, with which they defy the instructions. Thousands of people pour uncontrolled into the border system, overrun the control facilities and run over the bridge. On the West Berlin side they are from Relatives, friends or simply the curious and local residents enthusiastically welcomed. It is the first border opening – …… the barriers at all Berlin crossings will be open until midnight. Berliners from both parts of the city will celebrate their reunification festival until the early hours of the morning, using a sledgehammer …… or chisel To create the first ones at the wall in the night to … … tear down the symbol for the division of Germany after 28 years. That in the night of November 9th to 10th the Berliners took the first step towards the reunification of Germany ring in, …… can only imagine a few months in advance. At the beginning of the year, SED General Secretary Erich Honecker is sure: “” The wall will […] exist in 50 and 100 years from now stay. “” But he did not expect that the foreign and domestic conditions of existence in the GDR would change radically in just a few months. A key event took place shortly after Honecker’s testimony: On February 5, Gr Enzsoldaten attacked 20-year-old Chris Gueffroy while trying to flee over the Berlin Wall to West Berlin.
Opposition members announced the murder of Gueffroy in an “” open letter to the population of the GDR “”. The Western allies wrote a “” protest note “”. They demand “” that those responsible put an end to this crime “”. The federal government sees a “” serious and lasting burden “” on the relationship between the two German states. Honecker bowed to international pressure after Gueffroy was shot and gave orders not to shoot any more at the border. Gueffroy is the last person to die at the Berlin Wall. Just a month later, the “Iron Curtain” in Europe began to crack.
Hungary’s government announces the dismantling of the border to Austria. As early as October 1988 the Hungarian Minister of State Imre Pozsgay described the border as “” historically, politically and technically obsolete “”. Since then, more and more GDR citizens are fleeing to the West via Hungary and other Eastern Bloc countries. The wave of protests in the GDR set another event rolling: on May 7th, independent groups of citizens who monitor the counting of votes in the polling stations convicted the SED of falsifying local election results.
Election fraud drives around 1,000 protesters onto the streets in Leipzig – the beginning of the peaceful revolution. Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, is traveling to the Federal Republic in the summer.